Equipment Every Farm Has and So Should Yours

Are you starting your farm? Confused about where to start and do not know which one to prioritize and to purchase? Here are some of the equipment you must have when starting off a farming venture:

Tractor

Getting a tractor is a no-brainer purchase for small-scale farmers. Tractors vary in size and are appropriate for farmers with 1 acre up to 1000 acres and more! When choosing a tractor, there are factors to consider, depending on the work you need it for. Having that said, you should consider the engine (gas or diesel?), transmission (hydrostatic, gear-driven?), hitch (simple drawbar hitch vs. three-point hitch), power take-off, hydraulics (important in lifting and in powering implements like front-end loaders and backhoes), tires (filled with air or fluid?) and headlights (especially when you consider working late at night). Common types include a lawn tractor, a garden tractor, a subcompact tractor, and a compact utility tractor. 

ATV/AUV

While it is cute to have your land worked by animals, all-terrain vehicles (ATV) and utility vehicles (UVs) would be more practical. They are instrumental, especially if you have a large space, so you don’t spend too much time walking. They’re handy in hauling harvests, towing small trailers, and even have options for attachments. Some of the attachments you can use include snow attachments especially if you expect to have snow in your area. This would include tire chains and blades. For hay, attachments such as sickle-bar mowers and hay dolly are useful. Cultivation attachments, such as plow, tiller, harrow, cultivator, and disc, could come in handy. There are also available pasture and woodlot attachments such as power loader, log arch, and brush cutter. And of course, attachments for removing dirt, such as tumblebug, rear blades, and backhoe are very useful.

Farm Truck

Farms aren’t complete without trucks. It’s the most versatile and useful piece of equipment in a small farm. There is sure to be a model suitable for your farm needs, and work can range from light to heavy-duty work. Whether it be for driving through your field, hauling and delivery, or having long trips, trucks are beneficial. To help you narrow your options for a model, ask yourself the following questions: what jobs do I need a truck to accomplish? If I need to pull trailers, what is the maximum weight? For what use will my vehicle be? Just for farming purposes, or will I also use it for family transportation or everyday use? How many people will likely ride on the truck?

Mower

There are a lot of types to choose from, depending on your need. Of course, maintaining your lawn and pasture is crucial. For that, you can choose from a riding mower, zero turn mower, pull-behind mower, belly-mounter mower, or a push-behind mower. You might want to consider a disc mower, a drum mower, or a sickle bar mower for making hay. However, if you own a large land, you might want to consider getting a brush mower, a batwing mower, or a flail mower.

Sickle

If you are working on a small space, this handheld cutting tool is handy in mowing or harvesting. 

Backhoe

If you are considering crops that require digging, a backhoe is important. 

Sprayers

Nothing beats your old trusty sprayer to fend off pests and weeds!

Irrigation System

A constant supply of water is essential if you want your crops to grow. Factors to consider when choosing a system include crop, water source, size and shape of the field, fuel cost, and labor requirements. You can choose between simple (such as a soaker hose) or complicated (such as a multilevel drip) irrigation system.

Combine or Harvester

This is a must-have for grain farmers! Combines are efficient tools for harvesting your grain crops out of the field.