Since ancient times, farming has been present, and tools have since been invented to help humans become more efficient and productive. In this age of modern agriculture, technology is being employed to improve modern-day farmers’ production practices. Technology has enabled advancements in food production techniques that provide farmers with a multifold increase in crop and livestock output while cutting down on time used for manual work. Highlighted below are the most commonly used machinery, including sprayers, planters, ploughs, combines, balers, and tractors.
Before we start I want to thank the guys from Newcastle painting, for take us to their property and showing us all these.
While the use of small manual sprayers is still evident in most farms, large field sprayers are employed to disperse insecticides and herbicides over large crop beds, to ensure that crops are protected from pests and insects. Units are commonly pulled and attached to tractors, which spray liquid-based fluid over the crops. Sprayer size varies from small to large, which can cover small to extensive land areas. They also vary in design and performance specifications. Various sprayer designs for specific spraying applications like fruits, weed control, gardening, trees, and livestock need are available in the market. For example, orchard sprayers are utilized for orchard trees; this type of sprayer is mounted on a tractor and is used for large areas. On the other hand, a mist dust sprayer is ideally used in quick spraying operations and could also spray pesticides in dust powder form.
Before technology, seeds are planted in prepared soil by hand by farmers. Not only is this time-consuming, but it is also laborious manual work. Now, farmers use planters or seeders, towed by tractors, to spread seed across a wide land area with less time and with greater efficiency. Planters do this task by releasing seed in a timely and precise manner at a controlled depth as it is pulled along rows, which vary in width. Planters range from the simple and small ones to huge types.
Plows are one of the earliest farming tools being used in farming practices. They are essential tools for initial soil cultivation before sowing seeds. Its vital role is to turn over the top layer soil so that fresh nutrients will be available for the seeds. This action increases moisture retention as well as aerates the soil. Also, they prepare the land by cleaning its surface, removing unwanted vegetation and weeds. They are usually used as tractor attachments.
Or simply combine, these are machines used to harvest a variety of crops. This machine is usually the most expensive, yet the most crucial machinery a farm should have. This massive vehicle has a front attachment, which varies depending on the crop type to be harvested. It does a variety of harvesting operations in a single process, namely: planting or reaping, threshing (that is, separating the edible parts of the crop or grain), and cleaning or winnowing (that is, separating the grain from the chaff). Crops harvested include wheat, barley, soybeans, oats, rye, and corn, to name a few.
Because of its versatility, tractors are the most commonly utilized equipment in the agricultural world. You can use this tool with almost every kind of job in the farm––from seed planting, pest control, tilling, and land cultivation. Most of the other tools listed here are utilized using tractors, such as sprayers and cultivators. This machinery comes in various power and size. There are multiple factors that farmers should consider when picking a tractor to maximize their output, such as the engine, transmission, and hitch.
A cultivator breaks up and mixes the upper layer of topsoil. This action is done to make sure that the soil is aerated before seeds are planted. This action helps increase the nutrients to the soil, which will help the crop grow. Cultivators can also be used to kill weeds, to ensure that crops will continue growing. This machinery can be a single self-propelled unit, or as an attachment that can be pulled by a tractor, especially for large crop beds.